Anti-TPO and anti-Tg antibodies should not be sought in the case of autoimmune thyrotoxicosis / hyperthyroidism; search instead for anti-TSHR antibodies (TRAb). The research of anti-TPO is useful only in case of negativity of TRAb (possible diagnosis of non-Graves thyrotoxicosis).
In the diagnosis of hyperthyroidism, the research of anti-TPO and anti-Tg is widely requested as a first test, while the diagnostic antibody is the one directed towards the TSH receptor.
1. Tozzoli R, Bagnasco M, Giavarina D, Bizzaro N (2012) TSH receptor autoantibody immunoassay in patients with Graves' disease: improvement of diagnostic accuracy over different generations of methods. Systematic review and meta-analysis. Autoimmun Rev 12:107-113
2. Ross DS, Burch HB, Cooper DS, Greenlee MC, Laurberg P, Maia AL et al (2016) 2016 American Thyroid Association Guidelines for Diagnosis and Management of Hyperthyroidism and Other Causes of Thyrotoxicosis. Thyroid 26:1343-1421
Attention. Please note that these items are provided only for information and are not intended as a substitute for consultation with a clinician. Patients with any specific questions about the items on this list or their individual situation should consult their clinician.