Air: don’t consume energy derived from fossil fuels (coal, petrol, gas). When possible, use renewable energy sources; these can be provided by solar power, photovoltaic systems, wind power, geothermic sources and buildings constructed using materials which save energy. The use of private cars should be reduced preferring the use of bicycles, public transport, car pooling and walking.

Air pollution is the main cause of many respiratory illnesses, such as bronchial asthma, cardiovascular diseases and cancer. The principal source of air pollution are industry, domestic heating and transport vehicles such as cars, planes etc. It is responsibility of the medical doctor to direct the patient to a more healthy lifestyle as described above.


1. Tamburlini G, von Ehrenstein OS, Bertolini R: La salute dei bambini e l’ambiente: una rassegna delle conoscenze, Ed. italiana, ARPAT, ISDE, 2003.
2. Patologia respiratoria e inquinamento dell’aria. Editoriale Fernando Folini, Casalnoceto (AL), 1998.
3. Cori L: Se fossi una pecora verrei abbattuta? Scienza Express edizioni Milano, 2011.
4. Ridolfi R: Progetto ambiente e tumori, Edizioni AIOM Milano, 2011.
5. Haines A, Dora C: How the low carbon economy can improve health. BMJ 2012; 344: 344: e1018 doi: 10.1136/bmj.e1018.

Attention. Please note that these items are provided only for information and are not intended as a substitute for consultation with a clinician. Patients with any specific questions about the items on this list or their individual situation should consult their clinician.